With the development of new businesses such as express delivery and food delivery, the treatment of plastic pollution is facing new situations and challenges. The consumption of disposable plastic products continues to rise, but the governance model has not yet formed, and there are insufficient substitutes. In 2020, my country has successively introduced a number of plastic ban and restriction policies, trying to solve the problem of plastic pollution from various aspects such as source reduction and end control.
Regarding how to do the source reduction, many regions have introduced their own local plans according to local conditions. Taking Hangzhou as an example, the implementation is mainly carried out from seven aspects:
Prohibit the production and sale of some plastic products
Strengthen law enforcement supervision and prohibit the production and sale of ultra-thin plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.025 mm, and polyethylene agricultural mulch film with a thickness of less than 0.01 mm.
It is forbidden to use medical waste as raw materials to manufacture plastic products, and the import of waste plastics is completely prohibited.
By the end of 2020, the production and sale of disposable foamed plastic tableware, disposable plastic cotton swabs, and the production of daily chemical products containing plastic microbeads are prohibited; by the end of 2022, the sales of daily chemical products containing plastic microbeads are prohibited.
It is forbidden to approve, approve, and record plastic product projects (including new construction, reconstruction, and expansion) within the above-mentioned prohibited limits.
Carry out special treatment actions for non-degradable plastic bags
Develop and orderly implement implementation plans for the reduction of non-degradable plastic bags in shopping malls, supermarkets, farmer’s markets, bookstores, pharmacies and other key venues, as well as food and beverage take-out packaging services and various exhibition activities. Consumers are encouraged to carry cloth bags and vegetable baskets again. Adopt self-service scan code to get bags, rent-free, low deposit, etc. to promote recyclable "shared shopping bags".
Promote the use of degradable packaging films (bags) for fresh products.
Establish a centralized purchase and sale system for shopping bags in the farmers' market.
Promote the use of bio-based products such as straw-coated lunch boxes that meet the performance and food safety requirements, and alternative products such as degradable plastic bags in the field of food delivery.
By the end of 2020, the use of non-degradable plastic bags in shopping malls, supermarkets, pharmacies, bookstores and other places in urban built-up areas, as well as food and beverage take-out services and various exhibition activities will be prohibited, and the use of non-degradable plastic bags will be regulated and restricted in the farmer’s market; by the end of 2022 , The scope of implementation is expanded to all districts, counties (cities); by the end of 2023, the use of non-degradable plastic bags in the farmer’s markets in all districts, counties (cities) of the city will be prohibited; by the end of 2025, the scope of implementation will cover urban-rural fringe, township and rural areas Regional farmers’ market.
Launch a special governance action for disposable plastic products
Strengthen the supervision of the use of disposable plastic products in key areas such as restaurants and hotels, and formulate and fully implement the implementation plan for reducing the amount of disposable plastic products.
The city’s party and government agencies, state-owned enterprises and public institutions, team organizations and other public institutions take the lead in stopping non-degradable disposable plastic tableware and other plastic products.
By the end of 2020, non-degradable disposable plastic straws will be banned in the city-wide catering industry, and non-degradable disposable plastic tableware will not be used in catering services in built-up areas and scenic spots above the county seat; by the end of 2023, the catering and takeaway areas in built-up areas above the county seat will be prohibited. The use of non-degradable disposable plastic tableware is prohibited; by the end of 2025, the scope of implementation will cover the food and beverage delivery areas in the urban-rural junction, township and rural areas.
By the end of 2021, star-rated hotels, hotels, homestays and other places in the city will no longer actively provide disposable plastic products, and can provide related services by setting up self-purchasing machines and providing refillable detergents; before the Asian Games, the scope of implementation Expand to all hotels, hotels, and B&Bs.
Implement a special action for Green Express City
Strictly implement the "Postal Industry Delivery Safety Supervision Measures" and "Postal Express Green Packaging Regulations", combined with the creation of the global express capital, carry out special control actions for excessive packaging in the express industry, formulate and implement reduction implementation plans, and implement plans for major brand express companies and express The logistics information platform carries out green packaging pilot projects and promotes the application of green packaging technologies and materials.
Promote delivery companies to establish and improve the green procurement system, give priority to purchasing packaging products that have been certified for express packaging green products, promote the use of environmentally friendly tapes, packaging and fillers, and gradually reduce the use of non-degradable plastic packaging bags, tapes and disposable plastic woven bags .
Encourage e-commerce companies and express logistics companies to carry out green process reengineering of the supply chain, innovate packaging design, promote reusable packaging products, and effectively increase the supply of green products.
By the end of 2022, the city’s postal express outlets will prohibit the use of non-degradable plastic packaging bags and disposable plastic woven bags to reduce the use of non-degradable plastic tape; by the end of 2023, the city’s postal express outlets will ban the use of non-degradable plastic tape; by the end of 2025, green The utilization rate of packaging materials reaches more than 95%.
Implement a green sub-operational plan
According to the concept of "green, smart, frugal, and civilized", combined with the Asian Games City Action Plan, formulate and fully implement a green Asian operation plan, design and promote the identification of green Asian Games products, and launch a series of green products in stadiums, Asian Games villages, hotels In other fields, we will comprehensively promote alternative products such as reusable environmentally friendly cloth bags and paper bags, and will not actively provide disposable plastic products.
regard "Green Asian Games" as an important publicity slogan of the Hangzhou Asian Games, establish green models, popularize green knowledge, publicize green concepts, and advocate green lifestyles.
Deepen the "urban brain" application, implement high-standard waste classification, and build a smart and efficient recycling system.
Cultivate and optimize new business forms and new models
Strengthen corporate green management responsibilities and promote green supply chain.
Develop and orderly implement implementation plans for reduction in emerging areas such as e-commerce and take-out, guide large-scale take-out platforms to use the reduction and replacement of disposable tableware as review conditions for merchants to enter the platform, and increase "no need for hand-held spoons, chopsticks, knives and forks, etc. "Dishware" and other options are for consumers to choose, and consumers are guided to gradually use alternative products that meet performance and food safety requirements through points rewards, commercial vouchers, discounts, and other methods.
Focusing on supermarket chains, large farmer’s markets, logistics warehousing, and e-commerce express delivery, actively promote recyclable and foldable packaging products and logistics distribution equipment, and encourage enterprises to build a cross-platform operating system for recyclable packaging.
Encourage enterprises to use integrated packaging of goods and logistics, and establish a recycling system for recyclable logistics distribution equipment.
Implementing agricultural film reduction action
Develop and implement agricultural film reduction implementation plans, increase agricultural film reduction technology trials and demonstrations, demonstrate and promote "one film for dual use", "one film for multiple uses" and stubble optimization and other alternative technologies for agricultural film reduction, and implement a crop rotation system, Continuously carry out monitoring of residues of mulch film on farmland.
Encourage the production and use of new mulching film products such as fully biodegradable and enhanced weather resistance.
Encourage the development, demonstration and promotion of alternative technologies and products for agricultural film mulching.